GingivitisGingivitis is a very common and mild form of gum disease. It means inflammation of the gums. If it is left untreated, gingivitis can lead to the much more serious oral health condition of periodontitis.


Many people have gingivitis without being aware of it as it is usually painless and the symptoms can be very mild. These include:

  • Swollen, tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Dark red gums (rather than a healthy pink colour)
  • Bleeding gums during or after brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Tooth pain or sensitivity

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is primarily caused by poor oral health, as it occurs when plaque containing bacteria accumulates on the teeth. This irritates and inflames the surrounding gum tissues.

As well as having poor oral health, other factors that can contribute to gingivitis are:

  • Smoking
  • Poor diet, especially one lacking in vitamin C
  • Dry mouth
  • Stress
  • Underlying conditions that affect your immunity, such as diabetes, HIV or cancer treatment
  • Some medications such as those for treating epilepsy, angina and high blood pressure
  • Hormonal changes especially during puberty, pregnancy and menopause
  • Genetics

Treatment for Gingivitis

The most effective gingivitis treatment is improving your oral health through a combination of good brushing and flossing routines at home, regular professional teeth cleaning at dental hygiene appointments, and maintaining dental check ups with your dentist. Your dentist or dental hygienist will recommend the best methods for taking good care of your teeth and gums daily, such as using a particular electric toothbrush or water flosser.

Teeth cleaning appointments with your dental hygienist will provide in-depth cleanings to remove any built-up plaque and tartar and compliment your at-home routines.

If you suspect you have gingivitis, schedule an appointment with your dentist to prevent the problem from deteriorating. The quicker you begin gingivitis treatment the better your chances of reversing any damage and preventing the progression to periodontal disease.

Please contact us if you have concerns regarding gingivitis – we can conduct an assessment and recommend effective treatment options.