Periodontal treatment is the practice of preventing, diagnosing and treating periodontal disease. The symptoms usually include tender, bleeding or swollen gums, loose teeth or pain in the mouth. However, because in some cases the symptoms may not be obvious, diagnosis can only be made by your Dentist.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection in the gum and bone structures which hold your teeth in place. It is most often caused by poor oral health habits such as inadequate brushing and flossing which lead to a build-up of plaque. There can also be other contributing factors including hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy or menopause, diabetes or other chronic conditions. Gingivitis is an infection in the gums which is the earliest stage of periodontitis. This deteriorates into periodontal disease affecting all of the tissues when plaque recedes and begins to grow underneath the gum line, resulting in inflamed gums.
Diagnosis of periodontitis usually involves a thorough dental examination, x-rays, and measuring the depth of the pockets between your teeth and gums to gauge bone loss.